A deck in your backyard is a great addition to your home, as it will give an attractive focal point to your background, while also creating a wonderful space for fun and entertainment. The process of installation deck can be done either directly by following DIY steps or you can go for a professional.
A deck should always be a place for relaxation and fun, so if you are planning to build a deck, then it should not come with a high maintenance cost. So, in this article, we have listed everything which is related to the installation of a deck attached to your home.
Types of materials for installation deck
When it comes to the installation deck, choosing the right material is the most important decision. You need to know the pros and cons of the material and how well it should be maintained. So, we have listed a few deck materials that you can consider.
The pressure-treated pine is the most cost-effective option and is relatively strong and easy to work with. If you use the material with proper care and maintenance, then this material will last for many seasons.
If you are looking for beautiful color, then redwood will be the best option. This is a highly-durable wood, so it will withstand any kind of wear, but it’s slightly expensive.
Cypress is an expensive decking material and it is considered an exotic wood. It will resist rot, mold, and insect infestation.
Cedar is a lightweight and durable material, and it doesn’t decay like other wood materials. But you need to apply a sealer to maintain the beauty of the wood.
Teak is the most preferred choice for outdoor decking and it is a super-strong and durable material. But it requires the frequent maintenance of cleaning and sweeping.
Wood or plastic composites
Composites are a mixture of wood and plastic fibers, and it is a strong and easy to handle material. It will come in under your budget, but the color and options are limited.
The vinyl has been designed to look exactly like real wood and even it has a stamped texture. It is lightweight and easy to assemble.
How to install a deck?
Once you are done selecting the right material for the deck, then the next step is to know the process for the installation deck.
Plan the deck design
Here, you need to choose the deck material and you also need to decide the size and shape of your deck. Whether you are planning for a new deck or remodeling an old deck, the size and shape will play a major role. It can be decided depending on the space available, the function of the deck, and the architectural style of the house.
Choose the best substructure
The substructure is the frame of the deck and it is made up of joists, beams, posts, and footings. If you live in a cold or four-seasons climate then choose frost-proof footings. If you built a deck over an existing one, then it should not have any issues like mold, loose fasteners, damaged joints, or an insecure ledger board.
Dig holes for posts
Depending on the requirements and soil conditions, the location and number of deck footings can be decided. Initially, you need to dig holes using a power auger or digger and make sure all the piers are of the same height.
The next step is to pour the concrete into all the tubing forms and place an anchor bolt in the center of the footer before the concrete gets hardened. Once the concrete has been cured, set the post bases over each anchor bolt and align accordingly.
Set the posts in the post base and attach them using a screw or hardware nails. After this, attach the beam to the post base following the same process. Check the beam alignment and if needed make any adjustments.
Attach rim joists
Once the posts and beams are in the right place, you need to build a deck frame. The deck is free-standing, so it doesn’t require any ledger board. But depending on the deck’s perimeter, it will be filled with joists and it supports the decking system.
Attach inner joists
Once you are done with placing the joists in the deck’s rim, you need to install the joist with the help of hangers at a proper height. If you are installing the joist between the beams, then install the joist hangers first. Install the joist hanger using structural nails or screws, and use self-adhesive flashing tape to prolong its life.
Install the deck board
Finally, you can install the deck board and the process may vary depending on the deck material and fastener choice. If your deck is free-standing against the house then the boards will run parallel to the house and if it is in the yard, then it will run parallel to the decking frame. Install the decking board with the help of a fastener.
Trim the board
Once the boards are in their place, you need to trim the board in a straight line. Using a circular saw, you can cut the board along the line and ensure to make a precise cut.
If you want to enhance the performance of the deck, then it should be taken care of properly. Before installation of the deck, apply a coat of repellant all over the surface of the deck and you can even use corrosion-resistant screws during the fastening process. Treat them with a good brushing of water repellant every year and more maintenance will enhance the longevity of the product.
You can find different types of materials for the installation deck, but before choosing any material, you need to check the level of maintenance it involves. When it comes to building the deck, the cost, maintenance, and durability will play a major role. If you have a clear idea of the decking materials, then you can easily finish the installation process.